A granitic stock is exposed in Dundas Bay.  Within the park and preserve there are two Tlingit ancestral homelands that are of cultural and spiritual significance to living communities today. , The Kluane-Wrangell-St. Elias-Glacier Bay-Tatshenshini-Alsek transborder park system comprising Kluane, Wrangell-St Elias, Glacier Bay and Tatshenshini-Alsek parks, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979 for the spectacular glacier and icefield landscapes as well as for the importance of grizzly bears, caribou and Dall sheep habitat. If ever we needed a place to intrigue and inspire us, this is it. The "preserve" portion of the park covers a tiny portion of the overall park, just 58,406 acres, and it's located in the extreme northwestern corner. Since nearly 20 percent of the park is composed of water, marine wildlife is in great abundance, with humpback whales, Steller sea lions, orcas, harbor seals, porpoises, otters, and a variety of fish prowling the waters. The idea was opposed by the U.S. Geological Survey, which reported that the area had potential for mineral extraction. Lakes have formed where the glaciers have dammed the heads of valleys. , Kluane / Wrangell–St. , No roads lead to the park and it is most easily reached by air travel. Glacier Bay offers unexcelled opportunities to study earth's most fundamental geologic processes. Where there are shoreline flats, they can be densely vegetated with alder and devils club, making hiking difficult. It is a phenomenon that has been occurring since the Ice Age 11,000 years ago. Glacier Bay National Park & Preserve Mountains rise right from its tidewater up to three vertical miles. During some summers there are ferries to the small community of Gustavus or directly to the marina at Bartlett Cove.  The explorers are believed to have seen the Glacier Bay ice at its peak, which coincided with their visits. In response to this and other proposals, Montana senator Lee Metcalf proposed the Mining in the Parks Act to resolve and eventually prohibit mining at Glacier Bay and five other parks and monuments. Prepared for the National Park Service, Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve . Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve is an American national park located in Southeast Alaska west of Juneau. About. Anchors. The consequent surface glacial deposits include gravels as outwash and moraines.  Not all of the park's glaciers are in retreat. The earliest traces of human occupation at Glacier Bay date to about 10,000 years before the present, with archaeological sites just outside the park dating to that time. The National Park Service and the State of Alaska cooperatively manage the wildlife resources of the preserve. ) Four of these glaciers actively calve icebergs into the bay. A copper deposit occurs on Observation Mountain. The LeRoy Mine was the largest though, discovered in 1938 by Gustavus founder and resident A.L. Russian fur traders also probably visited the region in the mid-18th century.  Russians were chiefly concerned with the area until the 1880s, when Americans were drawn to Alaska and the Klondike by the Klondike Gold Rush of the 1890s. Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, large natural area in southeastern Alaska, U.S., on the Gulf of Alaska. Birds that nest in this park include the bald eagle, golden eagle, five species of woodpecker, two species of hummingbird, raven, four species of falcon, six species of hawk, osprey, and ten species of owl. It's also a land park, with its snow-capped mountains, spectacular glaciers, and emerald–green forests.  Within the preserve, in contrast to the park, the Alsek River provides a setting for subsistence uses, commercial fishing, and hunting as provided for in the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA) while simultaneously protecting the glacial ecosystem. However, it was one of four Alaskan airfields suitable for use by B-29s, with 5,000-foot (1,500 m) and 7,500-foot (2,300 m) runways and modern navigation equipment. Typically hunted species in the preserve include black bears, mountain goats, wolves, wolverines, snowshoe hare, ptarmigans, waterfowls and a number of furbearers. , Sport fishing is another activity popular in the park. The base was never used. An administrative site was also developed outside the monument boundaries at the Forest Service ranger station at Indian Point on Auke Bay, closer to Juneau. Abuts Tongass National Forest, runs in the Preserve and be prepared to avoid conflicts them! 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